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THE OPERATING SYSTEM
Created by Olena Shmahalo

Far-long ago, in a distant space-time,
a n0thing exploded over eons,

rippling into the here-now.

Over billions of years, anxious bits vibrated into “being”,
in every direction stacking and multiplying,
creating branches of { Unimportance },
of complexity and necessity, until, eventually,
that explosion became themselves.

See and read the entire “Operating System”

Your father was a space rock;
you were born a cosmonaut.

You are a cosmic accident —
a system of instructions,
 achieving self-recognition. 

You are nature looking in, 
at once mundane and sublime.

See and read the entire “Operating System” …

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[1] The amoeba E. histolytica (in green) takes a bite out of a human cell (outlined in pink). [2] E. histolytica, in green, taking a bite out of a human red blood cell, in purple. CREDIT: Katherine S. Ralston et al / Nature
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AMOEBIC TROGOCYTOSIS
Death by Amoeba, Nibble by Nibble (ancient Greek, trogo)
Science/AAAS | News

Entamoeba histolytica is a tiny pathogen that takes a terrible toll. The single-celled parasite—an amoeba about a tenth the size of a dust mite—infects 50 million people worldwide and kills as many as 100,000 each year.

Now, a new report reveals how the microbe does its deadly damage: by eating cells alive, piece by piece . The finding offers a potential target for new drugs to treat E. histolytica infections, and it transforms researchers’ understanding of how the parasite works.

Continue reading in Science News …

Katherine S. Ralston (lead author): 
Trogocytosis by Entamoeba histolytica — published in Nature.

Via biovisual

When beholding a majestic 13,000-year-old Eucalyptus tree, how can human arrogance dare deny its reality under the blindness of dogma?
At a time when 40% of the American public don’t believe Earth is more than 6,000 years old, Rachel Sussman’s magnificent photographs of the oldest living things in the world stand not only as a masterpiece of art but also a masterpiece of science communication.  (via explore-blog)

COVERAGE OF THE “KEPLER PLANET BONANZA” ANNOUNCEMENT
By the Scientific Journal Nature (News & Comment 26 February 2014)
With images from NASA’s Digital press kit - Kepler Planet Bonanza
Via scienceconnections

The new roster of planets, inferred from data collected by Kepler in 2009 and 2011, suggests that multiple-planet systems are relatively common among the roughly 150,000 stars that the craft continuously monitored.

Nearly 95 percent of these planets are smaller than Neptune, which is almost four times the size of Earth. This discovery marks a significant increase in the number of known small-sized planets more akin to Earth than previously identified exoplanets, which are planets outside our solar system.
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TOP IMAGE  Kepler spacecraft / NASA

MIDDLE  The histogram shows the number of planet discoveries by year for roughly the past two decades of the exoplanet search.

  • The blue bar shows previous planet discoveries,
  • the red bar shows previous Kepler planet discoveries,
  • the gold bar displays the 715 new planets verified by multiplicity.

Image Credit: NASA Ames/SETI/J Rowe  (Digital press kit)

BOTTOM  The histogram shows the number of planets by size for all known exoplanets.

  • The blue bars on the histogram represents all the exoplanets known, by size, before the Kepler Planet Bonanza announcement on Feb. 26, 2014.
  • The gold bars on the histogram represent Kepler’s newly-verified planets.

Image Credit: NASA Ames/W Stenzel (Digital press kit)

THE INTERACTING RING GALAXIES KNOWN AS ARP 147
Imaged by NASA space probes in four different wavelengths

  1. Optical - by Hubble Space Telescope
  2. X-ray - by Chandra X-ray Observatory
  3. Ultraviolet - by NASA’s Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX)
  4. Infrared - by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope
  5. Composite of [1] through [4]
  6. Visual depiction of distance and wavelengths

The four images aren’t really four views of the same thing; they’re a way of looking at four types of astronomical objects that occupy the same region, each type radiating in its own way.

Arp 147 (also known as IC 298) is an interacting pair of ring galaxies that lies [approx.] 440 million light years away from us. Originally discovered in 1893, it is listed in Halton “Chip” Arp's Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies [as Arp 147].

The system was formed when a spiral galaxy (on the right) collided with an elliptical galaxy (on the left).  

The collision produced an expanding wave of star production (shown as bright blue) that began some 40 million years ago. The most extreme period of star formation is estimated to have ended 15 million years ago and as the young, super hot stars died (as exploding supernovas) they left behind neutron stars and black holes.

The right-side galaxy is 30,000 light years in diameter and is located 21,000 light years away from its partner galaxy. The entire system extends some 115,000 light years across.
[Wikipedia]

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/MIT/S.Rappaport et al, Optical: NASA/STScI Arp 147 /// Others not credited.  Posted at the Chandra photo gallery [NASA and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics]

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