Now Playing Tracks

PHYSICISTS and MATHEMATICIANS of the ANCIENT WORLD
Images and descriptions (with revision here) reprinted from: Perimeter Institute

AnaximanderἈναξίμανδρος(c. 610-546 BCE)  is widely regarded as the world’s first physicist – the first to record his belief that nature followed fixed laws. He conducted the earliest recorded experiment, and introduced the sundial and other instruments.

Pythagoras of Samos / Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος (c. 570-495 BCE) discovered the Pythagorean Theorem: that a square laid along the long side of a triangle covers the same area as the two squares laid along the two shorter sides.

Euclid /  Εὐκλείδης (c. 325-265 BCE) built up a complete description of space from a handful of axioms, such as “two parallel lines never cross.” He’s remembered as the “father of geometry,” and the particular kind of space he described, where parallel lines never cross, is now called “Euclidian space.”

Archimedes / Ἀρχιμήδης (c. 287-212 BCE) was an early scientist and engineer, maybe one of the most brilliant mathematicians of all time. He designed a number of innovative machines and discovered the principle of displacement: that the weight of an object floating in water is equal to the weight of the water it shoves aside.

Hypatia / Ὑπατία (c. 360-415 CE) was the headmaster of the Platonist school at Alexandria, where she taught mathematics and astronomy. She invented the astrolabe and perhaps the hydrometer, and wrote several major books on geometry.

Āryabhaṭa / आर्यभट (476-550) was a pioneer of mathematics and astronomy in India. He is believed to have devised the concept of zero and worked on the approximation of pi.

Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham / أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم‎ [Latinized as Alhazen or Alhacen]  (965-1040) was a mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, sometimes known in Europe as simply “the physicist.” He invented the camera obscura and is the father of modern optics.

Wikipedia adds: “He has been described as the father of modern optics, experimental physics and scientific methodology and could also claim to be the first theoretical physicist.”

THE SCIENTIFIC TYPOGRAPHIES OF Dr. Prateek Lala: artistic representations of more than 50 influential physicists, cosmologists, and mathematicians – from Anaximander up to Stephen Hawking.

Images and descriptions reprinted from: Perimeter Institute

UP NEXT:  Galileo, Kepler, Descartes, Pascal, Newton, and Leibniz

387 notes

  1. platerpus reblogged this from mucholderthen
  2. theoriginalsamy reblogged this from mucholderthen
  3. quantum-dew reblogged this from mindblowingscience
  4. arry-and-me reblogged this from starsaremymuse
  5. oanthore reblogged this from areashape
  6. areashape reblogged this from mucholderthen
  7. e-ndzeit reblogged this from mucholderthen
  8. stars-havediedsothatyoumaylive reblogged this from astro-stoner
  9. daynearerdying reblogged this from astro-stoner
  10. bigwordsandsharpedges reblogged this from trianglesofimpossibility
  11. nobletimeprince reblogged this from humanalien
  12. psychonauticthought reblogged this from humanalien
  13. humanalien reblogged this from mucholderthen
  14. wearemadeofstarstuff479 reblogged this from cosmic-microwave-background
  15. sgtpineapple7 reblogged this from cosmic-microwave-background
  16. treberyurk reblogged this from knowledgeandlove
  17. deh-stuh-nee reblogged this from knowledgeandlove
  18. scarlet-jade reblogged this from knowledgeandlove
  19. wrapthepresents reblogged this from knowledgeandlove
  20. knowledgeandlove reblogged this from cosmic-microwave-background
  21. cosmic-microwave-background reblogged this from shychemist
  22. soysaucevictim reblogged this from adventuresinchemistry
  23. bizarreadventure reblogged this from ididntchoosethebeardlife
  24. trianglesofimpossibility reblogged this from nobel-mathematician
  25. elenglin reblogged this from shychemist
  26. somethingtrivial reblogged this from obliviousq
  27. garysama reblogged this from ididntchoosethebeardlife
  28. ididntchoosethebeardlife reblogged this from somuchscience
To Tumblr, Love Pixel Union